Establishing a CSA sidewalk requires approval by the Local Agency Formation Commission (LAFCo).
Forming a sidewalk improvement zone begins with a resolution initiated by the Alameda County Board of Supervisors or with a resident petition. A resident petition must be signed by 10% or more of the registered voters in the proposed zone.
Upon resolution/petition, a public hearing must be noticed in order to consider protests to the formation of the zone. If more than 50% of the resident voters file written objections, a majority protest exists and the proceedings will be terminated. If there is no majority protest, the voters will be asked to approve the financing method. If such funding is not approved, the zone shall not be formed.
The ways in which a CSA can be financed include special taxes, benefit assessments, fees and charges, bonds, along with other forms of capital financing and loans. Such assessments cannot exceed the reasonable cost of the proportional benefit conferred on that parcel. If a majority protest of 50% or more are against the assessment, there shall be no assessment.
The cost of the sidewalk improvements is dependent on a number of factors including design and construction management costs, site conditions, property location and selected improvements. An estimated linear footage cost will be provided for each area requested based on the actual project location.